Analogy Questions and Answers PDF Download in Hindi. The Reasoning section of every competitive exam includes questions from the topic “Analogy”. We are providing you with Basic Concepts & Tricks to “Analogy” related Questions in Reasoning which will surely help you in the upcoming exams.
If you practice more or more these questions then you will be able to solve Analogies test questions quickly in the logical reasoning section. You can read also other reasoning topics that are given in this article. This page contains the free download of Analogy Questions And Answers in pdf format.
There is no doubt in the fact that R.S. Aggarwal is one of the most popular authors among students who are appearing for various competitive exams. You can also download Verbal/Non-Verbal Reasoning Tricks PDF By R. S. Aggarwal.
Some Question and Answer On Analogy from Reasoning Section:
Types of Analogy:
I). Completing analogous pair. Such questions give a relationship between a pair; the first element of the second pair is given and we have to find the second element of the second pair based on a similar relationship given by the first pair.
1) Oasis: Sand ? Island:?
Here, the first pair is ? “Oasis: Sand” and the second pair is “Island:?”. And, “?” sign means first pair and second pair share a similar relationship.
‘Oasis’ is a mass of water amidst ‘Sand’ similarly ‘Island’ is a mass of land amidst ‘water’. Note: It’d be Island: Sea had the first pair been Oasis: Desert. We’re given the name of thing desert is made of i.e. Sand. So, we’ll use the name of thing Sea is made of i.e. Water.
2) Annihilation: Fire ? Cataclysm
Here, ‘Annihilation’ i.e. total destruction is the result of ‘Fire’. So, ‘Cataclysm’ i.e. the rising of a body of water and it’s overflowing onto normally dry land is the result of ‘flood’.
II). Simple Analogy. In such questions, a simple statement is given where a relationship is given and we’re asked the second element for the term given in the question, like the example below:
1) Sweet is to Chocolate as Book is to….?
Here, Chocolate can be sweet or bitter but ‘Sweet’ is the enlarged form of chocolate. Similarly, the ‘Encyclopedia’ is an enlarged form of a ‘book’.
III). Choosing the analogous pair: In such questions, a pair is given in the question and we’ve to find a suitable pair from the options given that resembles the similar relationship as in the question like the examples below:
1) Borrow: Steal
a) Enter: Trespass
b) Tell: Speak
c) Ask: Beg
d) Hit: Kill
Here, for both ‘borrowing’ and ‘stealing’ we take someone else’s thing. The only difference being that the first thing we take is with the permission of another while the second thing is taken without the permission of another. Similarly, among all the options, we see this option is seen in ‘Enter: Trespass’ where we ‘enter’ after taking permit while ‘trespassing’ is done without any permit whatsoever.
2) Cool: Frigid
a) Livid: Lurid
b) Pool: Placid
c) Tepid: Torrid
d) Lack: Abundant
Here, ‘Frigid’ means extremely cold. So, in Cool: Frigid, second is the extreme version of another. Let’s check the meaning of all options given:
a) Livid ? Discolored beneath the skin: Lurid? Ghastly pale ? This doesn’t give the extreme version of paleness.
b) Pool? A small lake: Placid? a body of water free from disturbance by heavy waves ? This doesn’t give an extreme version of the pool.
c) Tepid? Moderately warm: Torrid? Extremely hot ? Torrid is the extreme version of Tepid.
d) Lack: Abundant? Present in great quantity ? These two are opposite not extreme version.
We can see that only option c) fulfills the criteria.
IV). Multiple word analogy: These are the type of questions discussed above with the only difference being that here three elements are given in a pair instead of two and we have to select the suitable option. Like the example below:
1) Music: Guitar: Performer
a) Dance: Tune: Instrument
b) Food: Recipe: Cook
c) Patient: Medicine: Doctor
d) Trick: Rope: Acrobat.
In, Music: Guitar: Performer, ‘Performer’ plays ‘Music’ on ‘Guitar’. So, III element is playing/doing I element on II element.
From options, we can clearly see that this pattern is followed only in option d) i.e. Acrobat (An athlete who performs acts requiring skill) performs ‘Tricks’ on a ‘Rope’.
Number-based analogy: Till now, we saw the analogy based on words now we’ve questions based on numbers too like shown below:
10: 91:: 9:?(a) 69
7: 56:: 9:?(a) 63
20: 50:: 100:?(a) 150
8: 256::?(a) 7:343
(b) 9: 243
(c) 10: 500
(d) 5: 75
21:3:: 574:?(a) 23
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